This is a system of river gorge trails that run through the Economy River Wilderness Area in central Nova Scotia. Perfect for a quick overnight trip, the main loop is only 18km, but there are options on the southern end in a couple of side trails to make it longer.
Grand Manan, population ~2500 (2006) is the largest island in the Bay of Fundy. At about 15km off the coast from where Canada meets the US (New Brunswick / Maine), it’s situated at the mouth of the bay.
Although there is apparently some hiking on smaller islands in the area, most of the marked and maintained trails are on the larger island. There are a network of short trails, primarily on the west side, but the paths can be combined to form “The Red Trail”. From Swallowtail, just around the northern tip of the island, to Southwest Head on the southern end, The Red Trail is about 44km in length.
The Avalon X-Country Route!… the AXCR (It must be exciting – it has an X and an exclamation mark right in the name!)
The AXCR is a loosely defined route from Cape Race to Topsail Beach via the Avalon Wilderness Reserve on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland. The route is summarised in GPS Tracks and Waypoints.
What you will not find on the AXCR:Cutting. Marking. Maintenance. A Path.
What you will find on the AXCR:A frustrating variety of hiking experiences.
Section 1: Cape to Trepassey
As specified in the table, this section is all road. Leaving the lighthouse at Cape Race headed west, the hiker is on gravel road for about 20 km. Upon reaching the community of Portugal Cove South, the road is paved for the next 12 km to Trepassey.
At approximately the halfway point between Cape Race and Portugal Cove South, the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve is home to fossils of the oldest complex life forms found on earth. The Ediacara Biota was believed to be a sea bottom creature that lived some 550 million years ago. Although fossilized variants of this species have been found worldwide, the find at Mistaken Point is believed to be the oldest on record. Tours of the area are by guide only and can be arranged at no cost through the Edge of Avalon Interpretive Centre at Portugal Cove South.
In terms of amenities or resupply, there’s not much along this stretch. It’s a barren coastline – very much exposed to the North Atlantic – an area that is unwelcoming, particularly in windy conditions. There are a few small seasonal restaurants and hotels near the end of this 32 km section @ Trepassey.
Section 2: Avalon Wilderness Reserve (AWR) and Environs
This is rough, unmarked wilderness terrain – there often is no trail. GPS, Map and Compass are suggested. Good maps for this area would be (from south to north) NRC NTS Map Numbers 1 K/14, 1 N/3 and 1 N/6. These topographic maps are at 1:50,000 (~1.25 inch to 1 mile) scale.
Hikers wanting to cross the Avalon Wilderness Reserve are required to obtain an Entry Permit from the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Fortunately, this can be done via email and requests seem to be handled in a very prompt fashion. Include enough information in your initial request and you will likely have a quick resolution: Name, mailing address, telephone number, intention (ex. hiking / backpacking) and the dates which you will be in the area. There are a variety of restrictions for anyone entering the AWR – basically it gets down to the hiker behaving in a respectful way, as they should wherever they go. Be prepared to adhere to LNT Principles and check out the Rules and Regulations for wilderness reserves in Newfoundland and Labrador.
The Waypoints through the AWR start in the South and roughly follow a North / NNE direction. The route often utilizes woods roads (Northeast Trail, Horse Chops Road, Frank’s Pond Road, etc.) and other unnamed ATV trails when possible, with intermittent 10 to 20 km periods of bushwhacking and route finding to join these features when no clear path is available. This route was inspired by and closely follows Aaron O’Brien’s hike of the area in Fall of 2012 – read more about that trek @ The Independent. Since this is a protected area, no exact GPS Track will be provided – only Waypoints. Hikers can use this data to assist in navigating – just to point themselves in the correct general direction – and are encouraged to find their own route from one area to the next.
Near the northern end of this section (for approximately 1.2km, Waypoints 525 to 528) the route passes through the Hawke Hills Ecological Reserve, a protected barren alpine region. While no separate permit is required to walk through this area, activities are more restricted than the AWR – neither camping or fires are permitted and the hiker is asked to stay on the existing path. Practice Leave No Trace – leave nothing, take nothing. See the full regulations and other information on this area at the Gov of NL Dept. of Environment and Conservation Hawke Hills Ecological Reserve page.
Section 3: Conception Bay
Upon exiting the AWR and travelling along the Trans Canada Highway, the suggested route again enters the forest for a short period before reaching Holyrood and the railbed portion of the hike. Although the railbed initially closely follows the coast, options for resupply are plentiful – there are grocery stores at Holyrood and Long Pond, with several smaller vendors along the way.
What is this route’s relationship to the East Coast Trail (ECT)?
The Short Answer: There isn’t one.
The Long Answer: Those looking for a established, easy-to-follow, picturesque coastal path should first check out the East Coast Trail. Highly recommended.
After you’ve done that, if you want to:
A: Get back to where you started, but don’t want to sully your adventure by riding in a motor car…..
B: Up the ante and hike some barren wilderness (plus some tortuous road)….
Then it’s time to check out the AXCR! Think of it as the ECT’s illogical, illegitimate, wild eyed cousin.
You can find more info below on using this route to connect both ends of the East Coast Trail.
To be serious for just a moment… This suggested route is nothing more than a collection of GPS files – there is no conventional “hiking trail” within this area.
Additional Connector Segments (connecting the ECT via the AXCR).
There are unofficial ECT paths that could conceivably be utilized to connect the AXCR to the ECT in the north and south, allowing the hiker to effectively complete one big continuous loop of about 530 km on the Avalon Peninsula.
While this data is not available here, info on these Connector Segments has been shared via DropBox by Steve “Spongebob” Jackson for both the southern and northern ends (2 files, GPX waypoints, no signup required for download).
Southern Connector Segment: Cappahayden to Cape Race.
Length: 39 km
Rating: Difficult, with bushwacking and several river crossings.
Les Sentiers de l’Estrie (very roughly translated for our purposes as The Eastern Townships Trail) is a 156 km linear trail in southern Québec, situated about 100 km east of Montreal. The main trail runs from the Canada / US border (Québec / Vermont) and roughly sticks to a north / south direction, summiting several peaks en route. There are 84 additional kilometers in connected side trails and other associated disjointed trails.
Near the southern terminus at the US border, the trail meets the legendary Long Trail of Vermont. Running the length of the state, the Long Trail roughly follows the Green Mountain Range for 439 km and shares treadway with the Appalachian Trail for 160 km. The combined length of all hiking accessible from this network of trails is 680 km, not including the remainder of the AT.
Despite the region being near major population centres (Montreal, Sherbrooke) the landscape is said to be comprised of 80℅ parkland and forest. In addition to hiking, the area is also a winter playground for downhill skiing with two dozen peaks @ over 1000m.
Sentiers Frontaliers (translated to Frontier or Border Trail) is an 81 km main trail that hugs the Canada / US border (Quebec / Maine). There is a side trail that brings the total to 135 km – this leads to Mont Mégantic, home to a Québec provincial park which itself has a network of shorter trails.
The main trail follows the border closely, often using the actual border cut line, and eventually deviates to enter an ecological reserve and summits Mount Gosford in the Appalachian White Range.
In the south west, Frontier turns to meet the Cohos Trail of New Hampshire – another 265 km / 165 miles of path heading south through the US.
This Québec park straddles a fjord on the northern shore of the St. Lawrence River.
While many paths on the north side of the St. Lawrence in Québec tend to be part of the National Trail in Québec (the SNQ), this one appears to be autonomous. It is however close enough to the SNQ to make it’s location convenient for anyone wanting to explore the area for more than a few days.
The park itself appears to have several shorter trails plus some options in wilderness routes, as well as several options for climbing, including one of the more popular via ferrata in Québec.
This park is home to the highest points in the Appalachian Range in New Brunswick. Several trails summit various peaks – there are multiple possible combinations making this a good stop for a single night or multi day hike.
The park is a dark sky preserve area, a designation that limits artificial light pollution – one of only seven such sites in Eastern Canada. It has an excellent dark sky rating of 2 on the Bortle Scale (“typical truly dark site”) making it a perfect path for the night-sky-loving backpacker.
In the east the park borders the Nepisiguit Mi’gmaq River Trail, allowing this to be a possible starting or ending point for that path as well. In the west the IAT-NB passes through the park.
This trail follows the The Nepisiguit River along a several thousand year old seasonal hunting route of aboriginals. Although the information currently online is sparse, work is ongoing for a web redesign. In the meantime, the Sentier Nepisiguit Mi’gmaq Trail Facebook Group is extremely active and should for the time being be the first stop for anyone looking for current info.
According to information supplied by members of that group; As of Fall 2016 approximately half of the 140 km trail is cut and marked starting from the east, with the rest being a route that is still in active development. Currently the western half is best suited to the determined hiker, requiring some navigation and bushwhacking.
The most dramatic feature of this area – the Bay of Fundy – is something that any potential hiker needs to be familiar with for reasons of safety. Along the coast, tides in the region can be as high as a three story building. The local association has a package available specifically to inform hikers on safe passage.