Kenomee Trail System

ns-kenomeeThis is a system of river gorge trails that run through the Economy River Wilderness Area in central Nova Scotia. Perfect for a quick overnight trip, the main loop is only 18km, but there are options on the southern end in a couple of side trails to make it longer.

There’s a basic map and info available online, but also note that there seems to be a disproportionate number of videos on YouTube covering this trail.

Avalon X-Country Route


Railbed portion of the proposed route, near the end of Section 3, Conception Bay

The Avalon X-Country Route!… the AXCR
(It must be exciting – it has an X and an exclamation mark right in the name!)

The AXCR is a loosely defined route from Cape Race to Topsail Beach via the Avalon Wilderness Reserve on the Avalon Peninsula in Newfoundland. The route is summarised in GPS Tracks and Waypoints.

What you will not find on the AXCR: Cutting. Marking. Maintenance. A Path.

What you will find on the AXCR: A frustrating variety of hiking experiences.

Section 1: Cape to Trepassey

As specified in the table, this section is all road. Leaving the lighthouse at Cape Race headed west, the hiker is on gravel road for about 20 km. Upon reaching the community of Portugal Cove South, the road is paved for the next 12 km to Trepassey.

At approximately the halfway point between Cape Race and Portugal Cove South, the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Mistaken Point Ecological Reserve is home to fossils of the oldest complex life forms found on earth. The Ediacara Biota was believed to be a sea bottom creature that lived some 550 million years ago. Although fossilized variants of this species have been found worldwide, the find at Mistaken Point is believed to be the oldest on record. Tours of the area are by guide only and can be arranged at no cost through the Edge of Avalon Interpretive Centre at Portugal Cove South.

In terms of amenities or resupply, there’s not much along this stretch. It’s a barren coastline – very much exposed to the North Atlantic – an area that is unwelcoming, particularly in windy conditions. There are a few small seasonal restaurants and hotels near the end of this 32 km section @ Trepassey.

Section 2: Avalon Wilderness Reserve (AWR) and Environs

This is rough, unmarked wilderness terrain – there often is no trail. GPS, Map and Compass are suggested. Good maps for this area would be (from south to north) NRC NTS Map Numbers 1 K/14, 1 N/3 and 1 N/6. These topographic maps are at 1:50,000 (~1.25 inch to 1 mile) scale.

Hikers wanting to cross the Avalon Wilderness Reserve are required to obtain an Entry Permit from the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Fortunately, this can be done via email and requests seem to be handled in a very prompt fashion. Include enough information in your initial request and you will likely have a quick resolution: Name, mailing address, telephone number, intention (ex. hiking / backpacking) and the dates which you will be in the area. There are a variety of restrictions for anyone entering the AWR – basically it gets down to the hiker behaving in a respectful way, as they should wherever they go. Be prepared to adhere to LNT Principles and check out the Rules and Regulations for wilderness reserves in Newfoundland and Labrador.

The Waypoints through the AWR start in the South and roughly follow a North / NNE direction. The route often utilizes woods roads (Northeast Trail, Horse Chops Road, Frank’s Pond Road, etc.) and other unnamed ATV trails when possible, with intermittent 10 to 20 km periods of bushwhacking and route finding to join these features when no clear path is available. This route was inspired by and closely follows Aaron O’Brien’s hike of the area in Fall of 2012 – read more about that trek @ The Independent. Since this is a protected area, no exact GPS Track will be provided – only Waypoints. Hikers can use this data to assist in navigating – just to point themselves in the correct general direction – and are encouraged to find their own route from one area to the next.

Near the northern end of this section (for approximately 1.2km, Waypoints 525 to 528) the route passes through the Hawke Hills Ecological Reserve, a protected barren alpine region. While no separate permit is required to walk through this area, activities are more restricted than the AWR – neither camping or fires are permitted and the hiker is asked to stay on the existing path. Practice Leave No Trace – leave nothing, take nothing. See the full regulations and other information on this area at the Gov of NL Dept. of Environment and Conservation Hawke Hills Ecological Reserve page.

Section 3: Conception Bay

Upon exiting the AWR and travelling along the Trans Canada Highway, the suggested route again enters the forest for a short period before reaching Holyrood and the railbed portion of the hike. Although the railbed initially closely follows the coast, options for resupply are plentiful – there are grocery stores at Holyrood and Long Pond, with several smaller vendors along the way.

What is this route’s relationship to the East Coast Trail (ECT)?

Combining the AXCR with the ECT produces a loop hike of about 530 kilometres

The Short Answer: There isn’t one.

The Long Answer: Those looking for a established, easy-to-follow, picturesque coastal path should first check out the East Coast Trail. Highly recommended.

After you’ve done that, if you want to:

A: Get back to where you started, but don’t want to sully your adventure by riding in a motor car…..


B: Up the ante and hike some barren wilderness (plus some tortuous road)….

Then it’s time to check out the AXCR! Think of it as the ECT’s illogical, illegitimate, wild eyed cousin.

You can find more info below on using this route to connect both ends of the East Coast Trail.

Please Note:
To be serious for just a moment… This suggested route is nothing more than a collection of GPS files – there is no conventional “hiking trail” within this area.

Additional Connector Segments (connecting the ECT via the AXCR).

There are unofficial ECT paths that could conceivably be utilized to connect the AXCR to the ECT in the north and south, allowing the hiker to effectively complete one big continuous loop of about 530 km on the Avalon Peninsula.

While this data is not available here, info on these Connector Segments has been shared via DropBox by Steve “Spongebob” Jackson for both the southern and northern ends (2 files, GPX waypoints, no signup required for download).

Southern Connector Segment: Cappahayden to Cape Race.
Length: 39 km
Rating: Difficult, with bushwacking and several river crossings.

Northern Connector Segment: Topsail to Portugal Cove.
Length: 15 km
Rating: Easy, marked path and asphalt.

Pingualuit National Park


It’s unclear if this area is accessible to the individual hiker or if all inclusive packages have to be arranged.

Transport (or hike) from Kangiqsujusaq Village to Pingualuit Park (near Crater) is about 90km.

Details on 70km backcountry loop through conservation area:
~ From Crater To Northern Camp Site at Puvirnituq River = 20km
~ From Northern Camp Site to Western Camp Site along Puvirnituq River to Puvirnituq & Lamarche River Junction = 20km
~ From Western Camp Site, return over land to Crater = 29km

IAT in Québec

cartesentier_sia2012_p2 Quite confusingly, this trail is know in English as the IAT-QC (International Appalachian Trail in Québec) or in French as the SIA-QC (Sentier International des Appalaches au Québec). In addition, the trail is know by a third acronym – the GR-A1 – using the European technique for naming hiking trails with numbers preceded with GR (Grande Randonnée in French, Grote Routepaden in Dutch, Grande Rota in Portuguese or Gran Recorrido in Spanish). For simplicity, I’ll refer to it as the IAT in Québec.

After leaving New Brunswick, the IAT in Québec crosses over hills and valleys from south to north on the Gaspé Peninsula. Upon reaching a large wildlife reserve followed by a Québec provincial park, it turns east to climb the Chic-Chocs Mountains. It continues on the peaks of the Chic-Chocs east until leaving the park, then again turns north, leaving the mountains and heading for the coast. It follows the coast east until reaching the end of the peninsula at a National Park and the Atlantic Ocean. Depending on the source, the IAT in Québec is said to cover from 600 to 650km, with the GPS files as of fall 2016 giving a total of somewhere around 640km.

Note that the association of the IAT in Québec seem to have generously made an effort to include info online for non-French speakers. The English site at this time however seems to be incomplete and little more than a machine translated version. As such, a browser installed plug-in for Google Translate with the French language site will likely give a more complete experience.